Reverend Frank Chikane became involved in the Black Consciousness Movement while studying science at the University of the North. His leadership of protests at the university resulted in his expulsion and he worked in the Apostolic Faith Mission (AFM) as a layman before being ordained as a minister in 1980.
Within the Church, he advocated social programmes such as a soup kitchen and adult education and this led to his suspension from the AFM. Chikane joined the Institute for Contextual Theology, a Christian think-tank within the South African Council of Churches, which promoted liberation theology, and, in 1987, succeeded Dr Eyers Naudé as General Secretary of the SACC. He is also a Moderator of the WCC Commission of the Churches on International Affairs (CCIA) and the AACC Advisory Committee on Peace and Security. Chikane served as a Director General of the Presidency under President Thabo Mbeki. He currently serves as Chairperson of Kagiso Trust.